Population is the demographic composition of residents of a defined area. This section focuses on the age, ethnicity, origin, and race of New Jersey residents

National Rankings provide data on how New Jersey compares to other states on measures of Population.

State and Local Reports provide featured analysis of current Population data within New Jersey and its impact on life in the State.


National Rankings compared to other states, New Jersey ranks...

 5th in Overall Ranking as a Good State for Kids

June 14, 2013.  New Jersey ranked 5th overall as a good state for children in the 2013 National Kids Count Data Book, from the Annie E Casey Foundation.  The overall ranking includes indicators based on health education child safety, economic well-being, and family structure.   New Hampshire took the top spot, and New Mexico the bottom.  New Jersey's ranking is down one from last year.

• Most Densely Populated State

December, 2013.  With 1,210 people per square mile, New Jersey retains its long-held position as the most densely populated state in the Union. For compariosn, only 5 states (NJ, MD, CT, MA, and RI) have density greater than 500 people per square mile.  California, the nation's most populous state, has a density of just 246 people per square mile. Alaska has just 1.3 people per square mile.  Population data are from the U.S. Census Bureau.  Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013. Area data are for land area in each state (not total area, which includes water): http://www.census.gov/geo/reference/state-area.html

• 17th Slowest Population Growth Rate

December, 2013.  New Jersey's population grew just 1.1% between 2010 and 2013.  The fastest growing state over this period was North Dakota, at 7.3%.   The slowest growing state was Rhode Island, with 1.1% out-migration.  Data are compiled from U.Census Bureau's Current Population Estimates.

• 5th Highest International In-Migration

January, 2014. Despite slow growth overall, New Jersey's migrant community is growing rapidly.  Between 2010 and 2013, more than 145,000 new immigrants came to the state, ranking behind only California, New York, Florida and Texas.  According to the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey, this immigration almost exactly offsets the state's domestic out-migration. 

• 3rd in Percent Foreign Born in the Total Population

In 2010, 21 percent of New Jersey's total population were immigrants (1,844,581 people), compared to 17.5 percent in 2000 and 12.5 percent in 1990 according to the Migration Policy Institute.  At the national level, the foreign-born population represented 12.9 percent of the total population in 2010, compared to 11.1 percent in 2000 and 7.9 percent in 1990.

• 4th in Percent of Population Speaking a Language Other than English

In New Jersey 28.5 percent of the population over 5 years old spoke a language other than English according to the American Community Survey in 2009. New Mexico had the highest percent with 35.8 percent, and West Virginia had the least with 2.3 percent.

12th in Natural Population Increase

With over 1 million births and 664,523 deaths, New Jersey's natural population increased by 374,414 from 2000 to 2009. California had the largest increase with over 2.8 million and West Virginia had the lowest with a negative 382.

 36th in Percent of Population that is White

With 76 percent of the population in New Jersey reported as White alone in the U.S. Census in 2008, New Jersey had the 36th highest percent. Vermont had the highest with 96.4 and Hawaii had the lowest with 29.7 percent.

• Highest in Percent of Racial Minority Populations

New Jersey ranks 15th in percent of population reported as Black alone in the U.S. Census in 2008 with 14.5 percent, and 3rd in percent of population reported as Asian alone with 7.7 percent.

• 9th in Percent of Population that is Hispanic

With 16.3 percent of the population in New Jersey reported as Hispanic of Latino origin in the U.S. Census in 2008, New Jersey has the 9th highest percent. New Mexico has the largest with 44.9 percent and West Virginia has the lowest with 1.1 percent.


State and Local Reports

Migration Patterns

There are several reports New Jersey's net migration with differing views on the impact of housing, taxes, and more. The reports are listed below. 


Additional Population Reports

Sen-Yuan Wu, "New Jerseyans and Disabilities," NJ Labor Market Views, Issue 19, April 2012.

Sen-Yuan Wu, "New Jersey - Older on Average," NJ Labor Market Views, Issue 17, January 2012.

Advocates for Children of New Jersey, "New Jersey Kid Count: The State of our Counties," 2011. 

New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, Annual Demographic Profile: 2001-2011, 2011. 

Legal Services of New Jersey, "Poverty Benchmarks 2012," Poverty Research Institute, 2012.  

Jennie H. Hendrix and Mary K. Trigg, Challenge and Change: Younger and Older Women in New Jersey, Institute for Women's Leadership and the Division on Women, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, 2007.



Data from the NJ DataBank may be used with the following acknowledgement:

Source: NJ DataBank (http://njdatabank.newark.rutgers.edu), a project of the School of Public Affairs and Administration, Rutgers University-Campus at Newark