Special: Superstorm Sandy

The Impact of Superstorm Sandy on New Jersey Towns and Households

October 25, 2013

Rutgers-Newark Report: Superstorm Sandy Recovery Short $28.3 Billion; Pain Spread Across NJ

(NEWARK, NJ) — On the one-year anniversary of Superstorm Sandy, New Jersey towns and residents across the state still face $28.3 billion in unmet recovery needs, according to a new report from Rutgers-Newark School of Public Affairs and Administration.

The report finds that the storm cost New Jersey more than $37.1 billion statewide, including $13.6 billion in direct physical and economic damage, plus $23.5 billion in remediation costs. Recovery assistance has met only a fraction of these costs, according to the report’s author, Rutgers University Assistant Professor Stephanie Hoopes Halpin, Ph.D. Through this report, Halpin reveals that damage was far more widespread than has been understood to date, stretching beyond the coastal communities and disproportionately affecting low- and moderate-income families.

“We believe this is the most comprehensive cost analysis of the storm so far,” said Marc Holzer, Founding Dean of the School of Public Affairs and Administration at Rutgers-Newark. "It was our goal to give the state objective data that can be used to learn from Sandy and improve the state’s disaster response in the future."

Click here to download the Report



Previous reports

FEMA Moving Faster in New York than New Jersey 

According to data analysis by the NJ DataBank at Rutgers-Newark, there are discrepancies  in the number of approvals and amounts awarded for the Individuals and Households Program (IHP) for Hurricane Sandy between New York and New Jersey. While both states have more than 250,000 registrations as of February 4, 2013, the number of applications approved in New York is 112,835. Only half that number, 58,177, have been approved in New Jersey;  43 percent in New York versus 23 percent in New Jersey. In addition, the total amount awarded by FEMA for the Individuals and Households Program (IHP) was $862 million in New York, 2.5 times larger than the total awarded in New Jersey, $342 million. The size of the average IHP award in New York was $7,825, 23 percent higher than the average amount awarded in New Jersey, $6,014.

New Jersey: As of August 27, 2013, there have been 237,912 registrations in New Jersey and 61,032 (or 26 percent) have been approved for a total of $102 million. The average size of award was $6,584.  
New York: As of August 27, 2013 (most current data available), there have been 267,852 registrations in New York and 117,062 (or 44 percent) have been approved for a total of $985 million. The average size of award was $8,414.
Both: Interestingly, in both states the number of registrations slightly decreased from April to August while the number of awards increased.
New Jersey: As of April 25, 2013, there have been 259,946 registrations in New Jersey and 60,645 (or 23 percent) have been approved for a total of $390 million. The average size of award was $6,469.  
New York: As of April 11, 2013 (most current data available), there have been 269,234 registrations in New York and 116,275 (or 43 percent) have been approved for a total of $953 million. The average size of award was $8,198.


Reports on Superstorm Sandy in New Jersey

Monmouth University, "Sandy's Impact on New Jersey," December 10, 2013.

Stephanie Hoopes Halpin, "Non-profit Groups in Superstorm Sandy: Local Surge Capacity or Long Term Recovery?" ARNOVA Annual Conference, November 2013.

Monmouth University Poll, "Displaced New Jerseyans Rate Government, Insurers On Sandy Recovery," October 29, 2013.

Monmouth University Poll, "Displaced New Jerseyans Negative On Sandy Recovery Efforts," October 28, 2013.

Economics and Statistics Administration, Economic Impact of Hurricane Sandy: Potential Economic Activity Lost and Gained in New Jersey and New York, US Department of Commerce, September 2013.

Rutgers Climate Institute, State of the Climate: New Jersey 2013.

Monmouth University, "Fewer Jerseyans Hit the Shore This Year," September 25, 2013.

FEMA, Hurricane Sandy FEMA After-Action Report, July 2013.

Monmouth University, "Superstorm Sandy Survey: Impact for New Jersey Coastal Residents," May 7, 2013.

Monmouth University, "Sandy Recovery on Track for Most Jerseyans," April 29, 2013.

New Jersey Insitute for Social Justice, Hurricane Sandy After-math: Rebuilding with Social Justice in New Jersey, April 2013.

NJ DataBank, Low-Income Households Impacted by Superstorm Sandy, April 2013.

Water/Wastewater Agency Response Network (WARN), Superstorm Sandy After-Action Report, 2013.

NJ TRANSIT, New Jersey Transit Corporation's Hurricane Sandy After Action Report, 2013.

Kenward, Alyson, Daniel Yawitz and Urooj Raja, Sewage Overflows from Hurricane Sandy, Climate Central, April 2013.

AARP, The Impact of Superstorm Sandy on Residents Age 50+ in New Jersey, April 2013.

New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Action Plan, March 2013.

Enterprise Community Partners, Inc., “FEMA Assistance Analysis,” March 2013.

Hoopes Halpin, Stephanie, "Home Rule in NJ and Hurricane Sandy Recovery: Managing Power Restoration, Gas Rationing, Debris Removal and Temporary Housing," American Society for Public Administration 2013 Annual Conference, March 2013.

Monmouth University, "Sandy Recovery Slow But Steady in Jersey," February 20, 2013.

Mantell, Nancy, Joseph J. Seneca, Michael L. Lahr and Will Irving, The Economic and Fiscal Impacts of Hurricane Sandy in New Jersey, Rutgers Regional Report, Issue Paper 34, January 2013.

New Jersey Bureau of Labor Market Information, Pre-Hurricane Sandy Portrait of New Jersey's Hardest Hit Areas, NJ Labor Market Views, issue 24, Decbember 2012.

Mark Zandi, The Economic Impact of Sandy, Moody's Analytics, Webinar, November 1, 2012.


Resources for further information about Hurricane Sandy

FEMA, New Jersey Recovers From Superstorm Sandy: By The Numbers

FEMA Facebook page

FEMA Housing Assistance Data Hurricane Sandy New York & New Jersey

This dataset contains aggregated, non-PII data generated by FEMA's ECIM (Enterprise Coordination & Informaion Management) Reporting team to share data on the impact of Sandy at various geographic levels in New Jersey and New York, segmented by income, and level of damage.

FEMA Housing Portal

FEMA Hurricane Sandy: Timeline

FEMA Mapping Changes

FEMA A review of New Jersey recovery efforts, six months after Hurricane Sandy hit its shores, YouTube, May 2, 2013.

New Jersey Board of Public Utilities, Hurricane Sandy Emergency Information

New Jersey Business Portal, Statewide Hurricane Sandy Business Recovery Assistance

New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, Hurricane Sandy Help Center

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Hurricane Sandy Information

New Jersey Economic Development Authority, Hurricane Sandy Information

New Jersey Housing and Mortgage Finance Agency, Hurricane Sandy Recovery Resources

New Jersey Natural Gas, Hurricane Sandy Resource Center

New Jersey Offic of the State Comptroller, NJ Sandy Transparency: Sandy Federal Funds Tracker

NOAA, Storm Central 2012, Latest News on Sandy

Red Cross, Preparedness Essentials

Star-Ledger and NJ.com, Sandy Recovery Scorecard, in collaboration with WNYC and ProPublica.

Star Ledger, Hurricane Sandy: A look at The Star-Ledger's front pages documenting the storm

State of New Jersey, Hurricane Sandy Information Center

State of New Jersey, Governor Chris Christie Press Releases 2012

US Department of Energy, Responding To Hurricane Sandy: Situation Reports


Relief Organizations

NJ 2-1-1 Hurricane Response and Recovery - listing of all community resources available specifically for Superstorm Sandy relief.

American Red Cross - Hurricane Sandy Response

Catholic Charities Hurricane Sandy Relief and Recovery Fund (Sandy Fund) - National fund to assist local chapters in areas impacted by Hurricane Sandy.

Hurricane Sandy New Jersey Relief Fund - 501(c)(3) independent non-profit organization formed on November 2, 2012.

Hurricane Sandy Relief Fund - The Robin Hood Foundation reactivated its 9/11 Relief fund in response to Superstorm Sandy on November 1, 2012.

New Jersey Recover Fund - Established by the Community Foundation of New Jersey and Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation on November 15, 2012.

Salvation Army - Disaster services

United Way Hurricane Sandy Recovery Fund - National fund to help local United Ways along the Eastern Seaboard established on November 21, 2012.

Recent Conferences

Monmouth University, New Jersey Future, Union of Concerned Scientists, New Jersey Recovery Fund, "Sandy One Year Later: Looking to the Future What have we accomplished? What have we learned? What do we still need to do?" October 29, 2013, 8:30 am – 4:30 pm at Monmouth University, West Long Branch, N.J. 

Rutgers Climate Institute, Bridging the Climate Divide: Informing the Response to Hurricane Sandy and Implications for Future Vulnerability, October 14, 2013.

University Center for Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response, Disaster Behavioral Health, June 28, 2013.

New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, Superstorm Sandy CDBG-DR Dashboard, 2014.

New Jersey Disaster Response Crisis Counselor Program, Issues in Disaster Response and Recovery, county programs through 2013.

New Jersey Small Business Development Center @ Rutgers-Newark, Disaster Preparedness workshops/seminar, Tuesday, June 25, 2013.

NJ Spotlight, Conference: Building a Sustainable Infrastructure After Sandy, Trenton War Memorial, June 14, 2013.

Fairleigh Dickinson University, Superstorm Sandy Critical Incident Debriefing: Lessons Learned In Disaster Response & Recovery, June 12, 2013.

New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance, Presentation materials from the Climate Change Preparedness in New Jersey: Leading Practices & Policy Priorities, Rutgers University, May 22, 2013.

NJTV, Superstorm Sandy: A Live Town Hall: What Worked. What Didn't. What's Next, hosted by NJ Today's Anchor and Managing Editor Mike Schneider, Thursday, May 16th, 2013, 7:45PM - 10:00PM, the Pollak Theatre, Monmouth University.

New Jersey Leauge of Women Voters, Honoring our Hurricane Heroes, College of Architecture + Design, May 3, 2013.

NJ State Library, Ports in a Storm Summit Prepares Libraries as "Second Responders" in Disasters, April 11, 2013.

Hofstra University, Recovery and Rebuilding After Superstorm Sandy - Legal Perspectives: What We Know and Where We Go, April 4, 2013.

American Planning Association, Planning in a Post-Sandy World: Protecting people, strengthening communities, April 1, 2013.

Police Institute Distinguished Lecture Series: Thomas J. Ridge, “Hometown and Homeland Security: Public and Private Partnerships,” Rutgers-Newark, March 5, 2013.

Center for Government Services, Superstorm Sandy: Lessons Learned: A Forum for Municipal Managers, Rutgers University, December 20, 2012.

NJ Future, Rebuilding A Resilient New Jersey Shore, Monmouth University, December 7, 2012.

NJ EMS, National Symposium on Superstorm Sandy, November 12-13, 2012.