Transportation

Transportation is the system of public travel. This section focuses on many kinds of individual and mass transportation including highways, air, buses, subways, and trains.

National Rankings provide data on how New Jersey compares to other states on measures of Transportation.

State and Local Reports provide featured analysis of current Transportation data within New Jersey and its impact on life in the State and the economy.

International Rankings provide data that puts New Jersey in a global context.


National Rankings - compared to other states, New Jersey ranks...

• 2nd in Funding for Transportation Resilience 

September 22, 2014.  The Federal Transit Administration, part of the U.S. Department of Transportation, awarded New Jersey nearly $1.4 billion for improving hurricane resiliency of transit facilities in the wake of Superstorm Sandy.  Only New York received received more, approximately $1.9 billion in assistance.  New Jersey's funding includes five projects for New Jersey Transit and three projects for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.  Funding was provided as art of the Disaster Relief Appropriations Act of 2013.

• 2nd in Use of Tolls and User Fees for Road Funding 

January 3, 2014.  In 2011, 33% of road spending in New Jersey was paid for by tolls and user fees, placing it second behind Delaware. According to the Tax Foundation, New Jersey's tolls and user fees totaled $1.4 billion, or $160 per capita.  On the other hand, New Jersey has one of the lowest gas tax rates in the country (see the government section of the NJ Databank). 

• 3rd Lowest Tax Rate on Gasoline

June 24, 2014.  With a tax rate of 10.5 cents per gallon on gasoline, New Jersey had the 3rd lowest rate in the nation in February 2014, according to the National Highway Administration.  Georgia had the lowest rate at 7.5 cents per gallon, followed closely by Alaska at 8 cents per gallon.  Pennsylvania had the highest gas tax at 40.7 cents per gallon.  

• Worst for Combined On-Time Air Departures and Arrivals

July 28, 2014. According to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 65.82% of flights destined for New Jersey's airports arrived on time, trailing just Delaware and New Hampshire.  For flights originating in New Jersey, 66.44% arrived on time, trailing only Illinois and Maryland.  Taknen together, New Jersey's airports have the worst overall on-time performance.  

• 2nd Highest Debt Outstanding for State-Run Highways and Bridges

January, 2014.  According to the Federal Highway Administration, New Jersey had outstanding obligations of more than $9 billion for state-administered toll roads and crossing facilities in 2012.  This was second only to Texas.  

• Highest Revenues from Road and Crossing Tolls

December, 2013.  In 2012, New Jersey collected more than $3.2 billion in tolls on its roads and bridges.  This is by far the largest amount collected by any state.  Pennsylvania, which was second, collected just $1.25 billion. Data are from the Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Series.    

• 47th in Infrastructure

June 3, 2014.  New Jersey ranks 47th in the 2014 CNBC survey on the Top States for Business, infrastructure ranking.  The infrastructure ranking measures the vitality of each state’s transportation system by the value of goods shipped by air, land and water, as well as the availability of air travel in each state, and the quality of the roads.  Texas scored highest and Rhode Island scored the lowest.  New Jersey's position has slipped six spots since we started tracking this indicator in 2012.

• 22nd Highest Number of Traffic Fatalities

July, 2014.  According to TRIP, a national transportation research group, New Jersey had 589 traffic fatalities in 2012, ranking behind 21 other states.  Texas had the highest number of fatalities with 3,398.  Alaska had the fewest, with 59. 

• 2nd in Worst Friday Afternoon Commute

July 27, 2012. Many New Jersey residents participate in two of the 15 worst Friday afternoon commutes (New York and Philadelphia) according to data compiled for Governing by traffic research firm Inrix in July 2012. Inrix compiles a massive database of more than 100 million daily reports from mobile navigation applications, GPS systems in commercial and private vehicles and information recorded by road sensors to compute delay estimates.

• 12th in Number of Busses

January, 2014.  With 19,606 busses registered in the state, New Jersey ranked 6th in 2012.   Texas topped the list with more almost 98,000 busses.  Adjusted for size of the population, New Jersey had 2.21 busses per 1,000 members of the population, ranking 32nd.   In general, more urbanized states tend to have fewer busses per capita, reflecting their ability to utilize their capacity more fully.

• 37th in Licensed Drivers per Person of Driving Age

January, 2014.  In 2012, New Jersey had 853 licensed drivers per 1,000 people of driving age living in the state.  This ranked 37th among the states.  Indiana topped the list at 1,048.  We should note that it is possible to have a figure larger than 1,000, because these figures include restricted use and graduated drivers licenses.  Data are from the Federal Higway Administration.

• 6th in Percent of Deficient Bridges

December, 2013.  With 2,334 deficient bridges, 36% of all bridges in New Jersey are either structurally deficient or functionally obsolete.  Only Rhode Island, Massachussetts, Hawaii, Pennslyvania, and New York are have higher percentages of their bridges listed as deficient. On the positive side, the number of deficient bridges in New Jersey has actually declined from 2,567 (40%) in 2000. 

• 7th in Seat Belt Use

With 93 percent of drivers and passengers in the front seat using safety belts in 2009, New Jersey has the 7th highest percent according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Seat belt use has risen dramatically in New Jersey from 74 percent in 2000 to 93 percent in 2009.

 

 

International Rankings

 

95th Internationally for Number of deaths due to motor vehicle accidents

When comparing New Jersey to 194 countries in the world, New Jersey has the 95th lowest number of deaths due to motor vehicle accidents per 100,000 population with 6.4 cases in 2009. The average rate of total countries is 7.59 cases. The Niue has lowest number of deaths due to motor vehicle accidents with 0.07 cases and Sudan has highest with 32.43 cases according to World Health Organization Statistics, 2008.

 


State and Local Reports

 

New Jersey Teen Drivers

According to the findings of the 2011 report by the NJ Division of Highway Traffic Safety, teen drivers represent the largest contingent of motorists involved in crashes in New Jersey. There were more male teen drivers than female teen drivers involved in crashes. Crashes involving teens occurred most frequently in June and Friday was the day of the week when the most crashes occurred. The most dangerous time on the road for teen drivers was between 3 and 6 p.m. Over half of the contributing circumstances associated with teen driving crashes were due to human error, in particular driver inattention/distraction and following too closely.
 
 
In 2010, 513,843 drivers were involved in crashes in New Jersey. Eight percent or 43,414 of those drivers were between the ages of 16 and 20 years. During the past seven years, the number of young drivers involved in motor vehicle crashes has decreased by 22 percent. The decrease from 2009 to 2010 was approximately 15 percent. The number of teen driver and teen passenger fatalities between 2004 and 2010 are presented in graph above. During this seven year period, more teen drivers than teen passengers were killed. In 2010, there was a 14 percent decrease in teen driver and teen passenger fatalities from 57 in 2009 to 49.
 

 

Additional Reports

American Society of Civil Engineers, 2013 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure: New Jersey.

Heldrich Center for Workforce Development, Persons with Disabilities Seeking Employment and Public Transportation: Findings of a New Jersey Survey, Kessler Foundation, September 2012.

NJ Future, Targeting Transit: Assessing Development Opportunities Around New Jersey’s Transit Stations, September 2012.

Kravetz, Daniel, and Robert B. Noland, "Spatial Analysis of Income Disparities in Pedestrian Safety in Northern New Jersey: Is There an Environmental Justice Issue?" Voorhees Transportation Center, Rutgers, 2012.  

New Jersey Department of Transportation, New Jersey's Roadway Pavement System, 2011. 
 
PlanSmart NJ and URS, NJT Transit Score Guidebook, NJ Transit, 2011.
 

 

 

Data from the NJ DataBank may be used with the following acknowledgement:

Source: NJ DataBank (http://njdatabank.newark.rutgers.edu), a project of the School of Public Affairs and Administration, Rutgers University-Campus at Newark